By “Jewish ownership of slaves,” do you mean the slaves held by ancient Israelites as referenced in the Torah? Or are you asking about modern instances of Jews owning slaves, for example in the United States before the Civil War?
If the former, please refer to my colleague Rabbi Finman’s answer.
If the latter, well, it doesn’t reconcile very nicely, does it?
I am not a historian, and I have no special knowledge of the experience of Jewish-owned slaves in the United States. We know that slave owners varied widely in how they treated their slaves. We might hope that Jewish slave owners, under the influence of our tradition, would be among the more generous and compassionate of these. It seems likely, however, that Jewish slave owners reflected the whole range of possibilities in how they treated their slaves. And in any case, at its foundation, slave ownership doesn’t seem consistent with Jewish values.
Of course, slave ownership doesn’t seem consistent with Christian values, either. And then there’s the fact that prior to Emancipation, some free African Americans owned slaves. Reconcile that.
For better and for worse, human beings of every religious affiliation are capable of far more and far less than one could ever justify or explain, morally or rationally.